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Architects/Designers: ISA INTERNATIONALES STADTBAUATELIER, Beijing, P.R. China
Client: Tangshan Urban and Rural Planning Bureau, Tangshan, P.R. China
As an important city among the urban agglomeration of Beijing-Tianjing-Hebei and the deputy center of the whole northeast agglomeration, Tangshan is situated in the junction where the development axis of Beijing-Tangshan-Qinhuangdao and coastal development zone are overlapped.
At present, the spatial form of Tangshan showcases the horizontal and vertical double-axes.
While this planning zone with 5 square kilometers is located at the end of vertical axis and faces the main entrance of Nanhu Expo Park 2016, where the urban zone and ecological zone integrate with each other.
Here was the old area before Tangshan Earthquake. The earthquake in 1976 caused 242,000 people died and 95.5% of the buildings collapsed, and extremely ruined the whole city.
After the earthquake, a semi-permanent residential area and a cluster of low-rise factories had been gradually developed.
So far, this region is under the condition with low housing quality, poor infrastructure, an aging population, inefficient use of land and a gradual decline in industrial activity.
In addition, the geological condition is complicated as well. Considering its underground was used to be mining, the area’s development will be impacted, which cannot sustain high intensity.
Furthermore, the available land in our site reaches to 2.8 square kilometers, which is greatly significant to the expansion of urban space.
Therefore, the challenge of this planning lies in how to reintroduce the population, revitalize the industry and build a dynamic society in such an area with great potential and geological limitation.